Tag Archives: naked and ashamed

Genesis 3:8-13 – God’s Pursuit

Genesis 3:8–13 (ESV) — 8 And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden. 9 But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” 10 And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” 11 He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?” 12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.” 13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”



Running Scared – Vs. 8:

And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.”


Having succumbed to the Serpent’s sneer, a number of things take place.

  • The context of their nakedness/vulnerability has completely changed.
  • Their nakedness/vulnerability, once an asset, now leaves them feeling exposed.


Having rejected God’s goodness, they experience their nakedness/vulnerability as guilt, shame and rebellion.

“Before Adam and Eve decided to be their own masters, they had no problem with radical vulnerability. Now suddenly being vulnerable, being seen by somebody, being observed, being visible, being open and uncovered is traumatic” – Tim Keller.


The result is that when God draws near they push Him away – they run and hide.

  • Facing the very one whose goodness they rejected becomes problematic.
  • So much so that after their sin, they run away from the very one they should run to.


Worse to Worse:

This problem of sin leading to further rebellion is the same today.

  • We sin, and in our shame, we punish ourselves with further sin.
  • We run away from the very one we should run to.


J. Budziszewski makes the following observation about some women who get abortions.

  • “Those who will not accept conscience as a teacher must face it as an accuser, and if they still run away they run into even deeper wrong.”

“She keeps getting pregnant to replace the children she has killed; but she keeps having abortions to punish herself for having killed them. With each abortion the cams of guilt make another revolution, setting her up to have another. She can never stop until she admits what is going on”.


How do we break this cycle?


Cool of the Day:

Interestingly, there may be even more reason they were running scared.

  • It involves the Hebrew word “ruah”.
  • Normally, it means wind, breath or spirit – TWOT.


However, having said that, most agree it is a very difficult word to translate in Genesis 3.

  • This is seen by some of the ways different interpretations do so.
  • Cool of the day” – ESV, NIV, ASV.
  • Breezy time” – NET Bible.
  • Time of the evening breeze” – NRSV.


Michael Heiser (and others) suggests that all of these meanings may be wrong.

  • Hebrew scholars like Heiser say the meaning of the Hebrew phrase in Gen. 3 context comes from its relationship to the Akkadian language.

“An interpretive clue may be found in the word ‘day’ (yom). Akkadian has an equivalent word, umu. Aside from meaning ‘day,’ umu can also mean ‘storm.’ This clue indicates that the phrase here should possibly be understood as Adam and Eve hearing God coming ‘in the wind of the storm’” – Heiser.


The TWOT and John Walton agree.

  • TWOT says it should be understood as something like the “blast of a storm”.
  • John Walton translates the phrase, “They heard the roar of the Lord moving about in the garden in the wind of the storm” – John Walton.


Interestingly, there is a similar occurrence of this translation in Isaiah.

  • Isaiah 27:8 (ESV) — 8 Measure by measure, by exile you contended with them; he removed them with his fierce breath in the day of the east wind.


If this is true, it adds to the drama of verse 8.

  • It demonstrates that not only has the context of their nakedness/vulnerability changed.
  • But, also further highlights that the context of their relationship with God has changed.
  • The corruption of their vulnerability became a barrier to their fellowship with God.
  • They now experience God’s presence as a brewing storm.


This is something only God can remedy.

  • And He begins to do so with His examination of Adam and Eve.
  • As we saw with Budziszewski’s observation, they need to admit what is going on – sin and running.



The Examination – Vss. 9-11:

But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?” And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?”


Victor Hamilton makes this observation about the raw sensitivity of their nakedness:

  • “It is not necessary for the Lord to speak for the man to panic. It is only necessary that he be present, walking in the garden” – Victor Hamilton.


Such was the nature and sensitivity of their guilt and shame.

  • “Now they have lost their innocence, their childlike trust in the goodness of God” – Kenneth Mathews.
  • Brutal!


What is obviously bizarre about these verses is how they portray God.

  • He looks like He as no clue.
  • Where are you?”; “Who told you?”; “Have you eaten of the tree…?
  • Clearly not how Moses would think about God.
  • So there must be something else going on here?


Most believe that God is being purposely rhetorical in His questioning.

  • Just as He does with Cain in Genesis 4.
  • Genesis 4:9 (ESV) — 9 Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” He said, “I do not know; am I my brother’s keeper?”


God clearly knows all there is to know – it is not knowledge He is after.

  • God is after confession.
  • Heiser – “God asks not because He lacks information, but to elicit a confession.”
  • “The passage describes God as a parent who instructs His children with restoration as His purpose” – Apologetics Study Bible.
  • And interestingly, “He did not question the serpent, because He had no plan to redeem the tempter” – ASB.


Why is this necessary for God to do?

  • Why is it an act of grace?


“There will be no possibility for reconciliation if the guilty are unwilling to confess their deeds” – Mathews.

  • The rhetorical questions give them a chance to do so.
  • The questions give Adam a chance to fess up.


He sought them out so that they, by the feelings and burdened conscience that accompany their corrupted nakedness/vulnerability, would realize they are in need of Him.

  • But…



The Blame Game – Vss. 12-13:

The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.” Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”


Adam blows his chance to confess horribly.

  • Not only does he blame Eve, but he also blames God!
  • Eve, at least answers the question honestly – she was deceived.
  • But, God holds them both accountable – as we will see soon enough.


It is important to note here that these verses confirm something for us.

  • Adam and Eve’s actions in our text were not borne out of anything approaching repentance or spiritual maturity.
  • By hiding from their Creator, they acted as spiritual babies.
  • They did nothing worthy of emulation.
  • They showed us how bad off we are – unless God steps in.


Lesson for Us:

As a result, our text demonstrates some very important themes of redemptive history.


1) By covering themselves and hiding, they show that our actions to cover our sin are useless.

  • Something with redemptive power over sin and death is needed.
  • Romans 4:4–7 (ESV) — 4 Now to the one who works [cover his sin with fig leaves and hides from God], his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. 5 And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, 6 just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works: 7 “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered;
  • Only the work of Christ on the cross and His subsequent vindication in resurrection can cover our sin.
    • Atonement.


2) Their hiding shows us how necessary it is for God to seek us and draw us to Him.

  • Verse 8 demonstrates this – it is the Lord God that seeks after Adam and Eve seeking to redeem them.
  • There is nothing about us in our sin and shame – our corrupted nakedness – that will seek after God.
  • Jesus makes clear how necessary it is for God to seek us…
  • John 6:44–46 (ESV) — 44 No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day. 45 It is written in the Prophets, ‘And they will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who has heard and learned from the Father comes to me.



Final Words:

Tim Keller describes our text as depicting alienation as the fruit of their sin.

  • Adam and Eve are both alienated from God – they try to hide from him.
  • And, in covering up, they are also alienated from each other.


The text highlights just how relational the nature of this alienation is.

  • God’s presence is anthropomorphically highlighted – His walking, talking, and His sound.
  • In their nakedness/vulnerability, Adam and Eve used to rejoice in this presence.
  • Now they hide from it – the awful price of sin.


Is it any wonder that God has to draw us to Him?

  • Is it any wonder that so many reject Him rather than face their guilt and culpability?
  • Mankind’s corrupted nakedness is a curse in itself.


I will close with Tim Keller’s wisdom:

God is telling us, “Get out from behind that tree. The only way you’ll get over your fear, the only way you will get over the trauma that’s happened to your soul, the only way you will be happy again is if you are naked and unashamed. Come out from behind that tree. Open yourself to me. Admit what you’ve done. Come to me, and I will clothe you. I will cover your sin. You will be naked and not ashamed” – Tim Keller.


Genesis 3:1-7 – Part 3 – Naked and Ashamed

We have discussed the Serpent and how it related to Satan.

  • Last week we discussed the Anatomy of the Fall – Serpent’s Sneer, Atmosphere Imbibed, Compromise, and then the Fall.
  • Today we deal entirely with verse 7.



Genesis 3:7 (ESV) — 7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.


We mentioned last week that Adam and Eve were susceptible to the Serpent’s sneer.

  • This implies, of course, that God ordained this susceptibility at the time of their creation.
  • Is this true and can we know why they were made this way?


I think the answer to these questions is found in another of Moses’ Message.

  • This message is conveyed in his use and contrast of Adam and Eve’s nakedness.


Typically nakedness was seen in ANE culture as shame related.

  • For example, POW’s were often stripped naked to further humiliate them.
  • In fact, we see this shame/naked connection in Genesis 9.
  • Genesis 9:22–23 (ESV) — 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside. 23 Then Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father. Their faces were turned backward, and they did not see their father’s nakedness.


However, in our context, this is not what is primarily at play with Moses’ use of nakedness.

  • At least, beneath the surface.
  • For starters, being naked was part of God’s “very good” creation.
  • Adam and Eve did not begin existence in shame.


But beyond that, there are some good reasons to suggest that Moses wants us to take notice of some deep truth behind the nakedness of Adam and Eve.

  • And this involves the way he uses “nakedness” in Genesis 2 and 3.
  • Moses deals with both the “senses” and the context of their nakedness.


The Senses of Nakedness:

(1) Moses first speaks of the nakedness of Adam and Eve in a positive sense.

  • Genesis 2:25 (ESV) — 25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.
  • Nakedness here has nothing to do with shame.
    • Naked and not ashamed


(2) Moses then contrasts this “sense” of nakedness with a negative sense.

  • Genesis 3:7 (ESV) — 7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.
    • Naked and ashamed


Here we see that it was their “knowing” that brought the shame – not the nakedness itself.

  • Their knowing caused them to see their nakedness as shame.
  • The nakedness itself was not shameful – remember it was “very good”.


The Context of Nakedness:

Moses also connects the “sense” of their nakedness to a certain context or condition.


(1) Naked and not ashamed – Pre-Fall Context:

  • Genesis 2:17 (ESV) — 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”
  • Their naked and not ashamed state was before their disobedience.
  • In other words, all of their existence before the Fall was one of both “nakedness” and NO shame.


(2) Naked and ashamed – Post-Fall Context:

  • Genesis 3:6 (ESV) — 6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate, and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.
  • Their naked and ashamed state came after their disobedience.
  • In other words, their naked state didn’t change, the context of their “nakedness” changed.


So Moses’ connection of each sense of nakedness to a certain context demonstrates that nakedness must represent something that:

  • (1) Is good/beneficial – God created Adam and Eve this way.
  • (2) But presents risk – becomes corrupted in a wrong “context”.
    • And, implicitly, is susceptible to the Serpent’s sneer.
  • One word fits the bill – Vulnerability.
  • Nakedness represents the creatures’ vulnerability.



By vulnerable, we mean dependent, or “in need of special care and support” – Merriam’s.

  • It is easy to see how their literal nakedness suggests a physical vulnerability.
  • But, symbolically, it also seems to be suggesting a spiritual vulnerability as well.


This vulnerability is not to be understood as a negative attribute or a defect in God’ creation.

  • Remember, this was part of His “very good” creation.
  • As Moses showed us, the “sense” of the vulnerability depended on the context.


This means that Adam and Eve’s vulnerability could have been a road to flourishing and maturity.

  • And Moses’ contrast showed us that this flourishing was dependent on the context in which the vulnerability existed.


So what was the context in which Adam and Eve’s vulnerability would have led to flourishing?

  • In an untainted fellowship with God in the Garden.


In other words, their vulnerability – dependence or need for support – could have been an asset to them as long as they found their support in, and put their dependence on God.

  • God made them this way, and it was good.
  • God made them to flourish in dependence on Him, and this was good.


In fact, Moses shows us elsewhere that God sees it as good to create in us a dependence on Him:

  • Deuteronomy 8:3 (ESV) — 3 And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know that man does not live by bread alone, but man lives by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.


Proverbs also emphasizes the importance of recognizing this dependence:

  • Proverbs 3:5–6 (ESV) — 5 Trust in the Lord with all your heart, and do not lean on your own understanding. 6 In all your ways acknowledge him, and he will make straight your paths.


And of course, Jesus Himself reveals how vulnerable and dependent we are in John 10.

  • He speaks of believers as being vulnerable to deception, destruction and being led astray.
  • He calls us sheep – you can’t get more vulnerable and dependent than that.
  • Yet, mercifully, this vulnerability demonstrates our need for Jesus as The Good Shepherd.
  • John 10:11 (ESV) — 11 I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.


So creating Adam and Eve with a spiritual vulnerability – nakedness – was an act of grace.

  • But, in order to properly navigate their vulnerabilities they needed to mature under God’s wisdom and guidance.


Yet with the Fall, they came to this knowledge, not under God’s guidance, but by knowing evil experientially.

  • As we saw last week – they were duped by the Serpent into questioning God’s goodness.


Thus, their vulnerability led to sin and shame.

  • This means that there was an inherent risk in this vulnerability.
  • Being susceptible to the Serpent’s sneer.


Tim Keller makes this observation about our vulnerability/dependence:

“See the one thing we don’t want to believe is that we’re utterly dependent on God. We want to think we need God occasionally or maybe not at all, but in our heart of hearts we know we’re utterly dependent on God, and therefore, we are in denial about who we really are. That’s where the shame comes from, and that’s where the guilt comes from, and that’s where this lack of ease with being able to admit who we are comes from.”

  • We are dependent creatures who have questioned God’s goodness.


Rabbit Trail – Free will?

Notice that I didn’t once attribute their susceptibility to freewill.

  • Why?


Freewill denotes a number of things.

  • 1) Autonomy – “freedom from external control or influence; independence”.
  • 2) Having a range of options available from which to choose – A or B.
  • 3) Being in a neutral position in relation to these choices – being “outside” of them.


Adam and Eve did not posses any of the three.

  • They were not autonomous, but vulnerable and dependent.
  • They were not given a range of options to choose from – A or B – they were given one prohibition.
  • They were not in a neutral position, but were placed (literally put) by God into a specific position at their beginning – in the Garden, dependent on God, and under God’s care and wisdom.


The only choice they had before them was the one the Serpent put to them – question God’s goodness.

  • In other words, they didn’t exist autonomously outside of God’s goodness in a neutral position with respect to accepting it or rejecting it.
  • They were in it and God put them in it.
  • And, likewise, when they chose to question God’s goodness, it was also God who put them outside of the garden.


Yes, they made a choice, but making choices is not necessarily an expression of free will.

  • I can’t choose to marry my wife today.
  • I am already there – already married – already in that circumstance.
  • But I can choose to honor my vows if tempted.
  • In this respect I can make a choice, but I am in no position to express free will.


For these reasons, I have never liked a free will explanation for the Fall.

  • God’s sovereignty, ordaining purposes (Jesus), and Adam and Eve being created “naked” (vulnerable) provide a more robust explanation.


We need to know!

If true, as we suggested last week, that God ordained the Fall…

  • Then we need to know two very important things.


1) God is sovereign over the risk, the sin, the nakedness, and the vulnerability.

2) Christ was always in view with God’s “ordainings”.

  • Ephesians 1:3–6 (ESV) — 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places, 4 even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love 5 he predestined us for adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will, 6 to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in the Beloved.
  • Titus 1:1–2 (ESV) — 1 Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the sake of the faith of God’s elect and their knowledge of the truth, which accords with godliness, 2 in hope of eternal life, which God, who never lies, promised before the ages began


And if we ask why God ordained such things.

  • We saw Paul’s answer – for the “praise of his glorious grace” (Eph. 1:6)


BTW – Perhaps angels were made with the same vulnerability.

  • This would help explain Satan’s fall as well.