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Joshua 10 & 11 – God’s Sovereignty and Conquest

Our text today documents the remainder of the Southern campaign and the whole of the Northern campaign.

  • There are some apologetic concerns about the completion of this Conquest we may address at the end.
  • But before that, our text reveals something remarkable…


Canaan’s devotion to destruction and Israel’s obedience to this devotion are intricately woven around God’s Will and Sovereignty.


This all comes together in one verse in Joshua 11 –

  • Joshua 11:20 (ESV) — 20 For it was the Lord’s doing to harden their hearts that they should come against Israel in battle, in order that they should be devoted to destruction [DTD] and should receive no mercy but be destroyed, just as the Lord commanded Moses.


This text links God’s Will and Sovereignty to Israel’s obedience and Canaan’s “DTD” in a causal chain.

  • God’s Will – “The Lord commanded Moses” and Joshua that the Canaanites are to be “DTD”.
    • This command to Moses expressed the Will of God.
    • It was to be obeyed.
    • God’s Sovereignty – To this end, “it was the Lord’s doing to harden their hearts”.
      • God’s act of hardening was to ensure they would “come against Israel in battle”.
      • This would then lead to their being “devoted to destruction”.
      • The very thing God Willed in His giving of the Promise Land to Abrahams descendants.


God’s Will:

God had made it clear to Moses and Joshua His Will concerning the Canaanites:

  • Deuteronomy 7:2 (ESV) — 2 and when the Lord your God gives them over to you, and you defeat them, then you must devote them to complete destruction. You shall make no covenant with them and show no mercy to them.
  • Deuteronomy 20:16–17 (ESV) — 16 But in the cities of these peoples that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance, you shall save alive nothing that breathes, 17 but you shall devote them to complete destruction, the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, as the Lord your God has commanded,


Why was this God’s will?

  • We do have some clues as to why God would will Canaanite destruction.



  • Genesis 9:22 & 25 (ESV) — 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside… 25 he said, “Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.”
  • Genesis 10:15–20 (ESV) — 15 Canaan fathered Sidon his firstborn and Heth, 16 and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, 17 the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 18 the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the clans of the Canaanites dispersed. 19 And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon in the direction of Gerar as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20 These are the sons of Ham, by their clans, their languages, their lands, and their nations.


Might the curse have had a present and future connotation or at the very least been a foreshadowing?

  • Especially if “curse” here refers to the consequences of one’s sin/disobedience.
  • This connection becomes all the more acute with the description of Ham’s offspring and their territory.
  • The very peoples and land under Conquest in Joshua 10 and 11.



Covenant Faithfulness

  • Genesis 12:6–7 (ESV) — 6 Abram passed through the land to the place at Shechem, to the oak of Moreh. At that time the Canaanites were in the land. 7 Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your offspring I will give this land.” So he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him.
  • Exodus 3:16–17 (ESV) — 16 Go and gather the elders of Israel together and say to them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, has appeared to me, saying, “I have observed you and what has been done to you in Egypt, 17 and I promise that I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt to the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, a land flowing with milk and honey.” ’
  • Exodus 13:11 (ESV) — 11 “When the Lord brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as he swore to you and your fathers, and shall give it to you,
  • Leviticus 25:38 (ESV) — 38 I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt to give you the land of Canaan, and to be your God.


God’s promise and faithfulness to –

  • Bring” His people (His elect) out of exile
  • To return them to the Promised Land
  • Are themes that carry forward all the way through the NT
    • The church, resurrection, new creation, etc.



  • Genesis 15:16 (ESV) — 16 And they shall come back here in the fourth generation, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete.”
  • Exodus 22:20 (ESV) — 20 “Whoever sacrifices to any god, other than the Lord alone, shall be devoted to destruction.
  • Leviticus 18:24–25 (ESV) — 24 “Do not make yourselves unclean by any of these things, for by all these the nations I am driving out before you have become unclean, 25 and the land became unclean, so that I punished its iniquity, and the land vomited out its inhabitants.
  • Deuteronomy 18:12 (ESV) — 12 for whoever does these things is an abomination to the Lord. And because of these abominations the Lord your God is driving them out before you.


The abominations included (Leviticus 18 and Deuteronomy 18):

  • Incest
  • Homosexuality
  • Bestiality
  • Child sacrifice
  • Divination
  • Fortune telling
  • Interpreting omens
  • Sorcery
  • Necromancy (speaking to the dead)
  • Idolatry


Was God’s will done?

  • Joshua 10:28 (ESV) — 28 As for Makkedah, Joshua captured it on that day and struck it, and its king, with the edge of the sword. He devoted to destruction every person in it; he left none remaining. And he did to the king of Makkedah just as he had done to the king of Jericho.
  • Joshua 10:35 (ESV) — 35 And they captured it on that day, and struck it with the edge of the sword. And he devoted every person in it to destruction that day, as he had done to Lachish.
  • Joshua 10:37 (ESV) — 37 and captured it and struck it with the edge of the sword, and its king and its towns, and every person in it. He left none remaining, as he had done to Eglon, and devoted it to destruction and every person in it.
  • Joshua 10:39 (ESV) — 39 and he captured it with its king and all its towns. And they struck them with the edge of the sword and devoted to destruction every person in it; he left none remaining. Just as he had done to Hebron and to Libnah and its king, so he did to Debir and to its king.
  • Joshua 10:40 (ESV) — 40 So Joshua struck the whole land, the hill country and the Negeb and the lowland and the slopes, and all their kings. He left none remaining, but devoted to destruction all that breathed, just as the Lord God of Israel commanded.
  • Joshua 11:11 (ESV) — 11 And they struck with the sword all who were in it, devoting them to destruction; there was none left that breathed. And he burned Hazor with fire.
  • Joshua 11:12 (ESV) — 12 And all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua captured, and struck them with the edge of the sword, devoting them to destruction, just as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded.


And the author of Joshua makes clear that this “DTD” was done in accordance with God’s will.

  • Joshua 11:15 (ESV) — 15 Just as the Lord had commanded Moses his servant, so Moses commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did. He left nothing undone of all that the Lord had commanded Moses.


BTW – Understanding God’s will here demonstrates that God was not planning as history unfolded.

  • He always knew exactly the who, what, and when.
    • All of which were preparing the way for Christ.
    • And this leads us to the how.


God’s Sovereignty:

What is God’s Sovereignty?

  • “The fact that God is free and able to do all that he wills; that he reigns over all creation and that his will is the final cause of all things” – Martin Manser.
  • “By his sovereignty we mean the authority of his power over creation” – Michael Bird.
  • Psalm 135:6 (ESV) — 6 Whatever the Lord pleases, he does, in heaven and on earth, in the seas and all deeps.


We noted earlier an expression of this sovereignty, “it was the Lord’s doing to harden their hearts”.

  • This language is similar to God’s hardening of Pharaoh’s heart in Exodus.
  • And it parallels God’s stirring of Cyrus’ spirit.
  • Ezra 1:1 (ESV) — 1 In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom…
    • Cyrus went on to “allow” and fund the rebuilding of the Temple.


God’s power over earth’s rulers is expressed well in Proverbs.

  • Proverbs 21:1 (ESV) — 1 The king’s heart is a stream of water in the hand of the Lord; he turns it wherever he will.


Judicial Hardening:

In the case of the Canaanites and Pharaoh “it was the Lord’s doing to harden their hearts”.

  • This action of God’s sovereignty is often called “judicial hardening”.
  • God is exercising His sovereignty over a “king’s heart” to accomplish His will.


BTW – “Don’t think you can escape this God by running into the New Testament; you will meet the same God there (Heb. 3:12–13)” – Dale Davis.


The topic of God’s Sovereignty raises some important questions.

  • Did God leave the fulfillment of His will for the Promised Land up to His creatures?
  • Or, did He sovereignly predestinate events, outcomes and behaviors?


God’s Action:

In one sense, the Bible understands the Conquest as God’s work and His predestination.

  • His direct and personal causative action in the details of the Conquest.


Scripture puts in this way –

  • Exodus 23:23 (ESV) — 23 “When my angel goes before you and brings you to the Amorites and the Hittites and the Perizzites and the Canaanites, the Hivites and the Jebusites, and I blot them out,
  • Exodus 23:29–30 (ESV) — 29 I will not drive them out from before you in one year, lest the land become desolate and the wild beasts multiply against you. 30 Little by little I will drive them out from before you, until you have increased and possess the land.
  • Exodus 33:2 (ESV) — 2 I will send an angel before you, and I will drive out the Canaanites, the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
  • Exodus 34:11 (ESV) — 11 “Observe what I command you this day. Behold, I will drive out before you the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
  • Joshua 1:2–3 (ESV) — 2 “Moses my servant is dead. Now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, you and all this people, into the land that I am giving to them, to the people of Israel. 3 Every place that the sole of your foot will tread upon I have given to you, just as I promised to Moses.
  • Joshua 10:8 (ESV) — 8 And the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear them, for I have given them into your hands. Not a man of them shall stand before you.”
  • Joshua 10:11 (ESV) — 11 And as they fled before Israel, while they were going down the ascent of Beth-horon, the Lord threw down large stones from heaven on them as far as Azekah, and they died. There were more who died because of the hailstones than the sons of Israel killed with the sword.
  • Joshua 10:12 (ESV) — 12 At that time Joshua spoke to the Lord in the day when the Lord gave the Amorites over to the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, “Sun, stand still at Gibeon, and moon, in the Valley of Aijalon.”


Yet, God’s Sovereignty and predestination operates in the context of man’s actions.

  • Man’s natural ability (different from moral ability) to be causative somehow compliments God’s Sovereignty.


The two come together in the following verses:

  • Joshua 10:25–26 (ESV) — 25 And Joshua said to them, “Do not be afraid or dismayed; be strong and courageous. For thus the Lord will do to all your enemies against whom you fight.” 26 And afterward Joshua struck them and put them to death, and he hanged them on five trees. And they hung on the trees until evening.
  • Joshua 10:42 (ESV) — 42 And Joshua captured all these kings and their land at one time, because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel.
  • Joshua 11:6 (ESV) — 6 And the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them, for tomorrow at this time I will give over all of them, slain, to Israel. You shall hamstring their horses and burn their chariots with fire.”


Man’s Actions:

The writer of Joshua also explicitly attributes Conquest to the actions of man.


Scripture puts it this way –

  • Joshua 10:34–35 (ESV) — 34 Then Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Lachish to Eglon. And they laid siege to it and fought against it. 35 And they captured it on that day, and struck it with the edge of the sword.
  • Joshua 10:40 (ESV) — 40 So Joshua struck the whole land, the hill country and the Negeb and the lowland and the slopes, and all their kings. He left none remaining…
  • Joshua 11:16 (ESV) — 16 So Joshua took all that land, the hill country and all the Negeb and all the land of Goshen and the lowland and the Arabah and the hill country of Israel and its lowland
  • Joshua 11:18 (ESV) — 18 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings.
  • Joshua 11:23 (ESV) — 23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord had spoken to Moses. And Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel according to their tribal allotments…


BTW – though God hardened the Canaanites’ hearts, Scripture also shows their causative actions as well.

  • Here is but one example –
  • Joshua 11:4–5 (ESV) — 4 And they came out with all their troops, a great horde, in number like the sand that is on the seashore, with very many horses and chariots. 5 And all these kings joined their forces and came and encamped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.


It is clear that God uses means to accomplish His Will.

  • And along with His Sovereign actions in creation – including hardening the hearts of the Canaanites – He also uses the actions of His creatures.
  • God gave the Promised Land but Joshua took the Promise Land.
  • God hardened Canaanite hearts but the Canaanites allied together to fight Israel.
  • The two, God’s Sovereignty and man’s action, mysteriously go together.
  • This is no different in the NT.


Dale Davis has some wise words about this mystery.

“Divine sovereignty does not negate human activity but stimulates it” – Dale Davis.


“God’s sovereignty is not a doctrine that shackles us but a reality that liberates us, not a cloud that stifles but an elixir that invigorates” – Dale Davis.



Decision Making – Choosing God’s Will in Wisdom

As Christians, we are often faced with making difficult personal, family or even church based decisions.

  • Sometimes the correct choices are to be found explicitly in God’s word.
  • However, sometimes they aren’t.
  • And in these cases, Gary Friesen’s book, Decision Making and the Will of God, provides us with some much needed insight.
  • He outlines 4 principals which he argues can free us up to be much better decision makers for God’s kingdom.
  • This lesson is based largely on his book as well as J.P. Moreland’s The Kingdom Triangle; Dallas Willard’s Renovation of the Heart; and Sam Storm’s The Beginners Guide to Spiritual Gifts.


The Four Principals Outlined:

(1) “Where God commands, we must obey” (chapter 8).

  • Here God provides Moral Guidance
  • Here God may also provide Special Guidance
  • Moral Guidance and Special Guidance express God’s Moral Will for us.
  • God’s Moral Will is “all the commands in the Bible” – Friesen.

(2) “Where there is no command, God gives us freedom (and responsibility) to choose” (chapter 9).

(3) “Where there is no command, God gives us wisdom to choose” (chapters 10-11).

  • Here, God provides Wisdom Guidance
  • Wisdom Guidance ultimately results in expressing God’s Moral Will for us.

(4) “When we have chosen what is moral and wise, we must trust the sovereign God to work all the details together for good” (chapters 12-13).

  • Here, God provides Sovereign Guidance
  • Sovereign Guidance expresses God’s Sovereign Will for us.
  • God’s Sovereign Will is His “secret plan that works all things together” for His good purposes.
    • Certain—it will be fulfilled
    • Detailed—includes all things
    • Hidden—except when revealed by prophecy
    • Supreme—without violating human responsibility or making God the author of sin
    • Perfect—working all things together for God’s glory and our good


I will briefly cover all 4, but will spend most of our time on (3) Wisdom Guidance.

  • First, however, let’s begin with number (1) above.





When God commands through either His Moral Guidance or His Special Guidance, we must obey.

  • It is the de facto right thing to do.
  • And therefore becomes our moral obligation.
  • Let’s look at a couple of examples.


Moral Guidance:

A) Exodus 20:13–16 (ESV) — 13 “You shall not murder. 14 “You shall not commit adultery. 15 “You shall not steal. 16 “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

  • Just (4) of the Ten Commandments demonstrate the nature and breadth of God’s Moral Guidance.


Special Guidance:

B) Acts 16:7 (ESV) — 7 And when they had come up to Mysia, they attempted to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them.

  • God, in some supernatural way, made His will known to Paul.
  • Paul was not to go to Bithynia.
  • Paul was thus morally obligated through this Special Guidance to obey.


There really isn’t much else to be said on this topic.

  • It is plainly obvious that if God provides specific commands or direction through Moral Guidance and/or Special Guidance, we have no moral freedom – to obey is the right decision and to disobey is the wrong one.
  • He has revealed His Moral Will to us and there is no more discussion.


However, what about those decisions we face where God doesn’t give specific Moral or Special Guidance?

  • In these cases, we have some latitude of freedom in our decision making.





The below graphic will help us to visualize the freedom the Christian has in the decision making process.



This circle illustrates that the freedom we have to decide exists within the purposes of God’s Sovereign Will (within which is His Sovereign Guidance) and within the restraints of His Moral Will (Moral and Special Guidance).

  • There are many biblical examples of this; let’s look at just a few.


A) Genesis 2:16–17 (ESV) — 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

  • Here God has made known to him His Sovereign Will in the form of a command which obligates Adam and Eve morally.
  • The command is simply, “of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat”.
  • However, they have freedom to choose from every other tree as they see fit.


B) Deuteronomy 14:26 (ESV) — 26 and spend the money for whatever you desire—oxen or sheep or wine or strong drink, whatever your appetite craves. And you shall eat there before the Lord your God and rejoice, you and your household.

  • Here, within the restrictions God outlined on clean and unclean foods, the Israelites can eat, “whatever you desire”.


C) 1 Corinthians 7:39–40 (ESV) — 39 A wife is bound to her husband as long as he lives. But if her husband dies, she is free to be married to whom she wishes, only in the Lord. 40 Yet in my judgment she is happier if she remains as she is. And I think that I too have the Spirit of God.

  • Paul advises Corinth that the widow can remarry, “whom she wishes”.
  • He suggests, however, that the wise choice may be to remain unmarried.


So we have some freedom to make decisions.

  • 2 Corinthians 3:17 (ESV) — 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.
  • However, God has placed some restrictions on us.
  • As revealed in our graphic, our freedom is contained by God’s Moral and Special Guidance (as previously discussed) and by His Wisdom and Sovereign Guidance.
  • Let’s examine God’s Wisdom Guidance.





So what is wisdom (in context of decision making)?

  • James 3:17 (ESV) — 17 But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, impartial and sincere.
  • It is “knowledge of God’s word and a pious mode of life” – TDNT.
  • It is that which “God imparts to those who are close to God” – BDAG.
  • It is “good judgment in the face of Christian demands” – BDAG.
  • Gary Friesen sums these up by suggesting that wisdom “enables us not only to live life morally, but to live it skillfully”
  • Finally, A.W. Tozer puts it very simply when he says wisdom is “sanctified common sense”.


Are we commanded to us Wisdom Guidance in our decision making?

  • Ephesians 5:15–16 (ESV) — 15 Look carefully then how you walk, not as unwise but as wise, 16 making the best use of the time, because the days are evil.
  • Colossians 4:5 (ESV) — 5 Walk in wisdom toward outsiders, making the best use of the time.
  • Ecclesiastes 2:13 (ESV) — 13 Then I saw that there is more gain in wisdom than in folly
  • Ecclesiastes 10:10 (ESV) — 10 If the iron is blunt, and one does not sharpen the edge, he must use more strength, but wisdom helps one to succeed.
    • These verses demonstrate that we are to use wisdom in a variety of contexts.
    • So, wisdom is something we are commanded to use and so are morally obligated to use.
    • Interestingly, in this sense, it is part of God’s Moral Will (the 2nd circle in our graphic).


How does God give it to us?


(1) We need to ask for it.

  • Colossians 1:9 (ESV) — 9 And so, from the day we heard, we have not ceased to pray for you, asking that you may be filled with the knowledge of his will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding
  • I call this “Seeking Christ’s Living Water


(2) Life of the Mind – obviously we must learn, study and grasp the truths of scripture and acquire a “thoughtful Christian worldview” – J.P. Moreland.

  • I call this “Knowing Christ’s Living Water


(3) Heart/Spirit/Will – we must cultivate our “inner life, developing emotional intimacy with God, engaging in classic spiritual formation practices” such as prayer, worship, service, self-sacrifice, fasting, etc. – Dallas Willard.

  • I call this “Drinking Christ’s Living Water


(4) Relationship with the Holy Spirit – we must learn “to live in and use the Spirit’s power and the authority of the Kingdom of God, developing a supernatural lifestyle, receiving answers to prayer, learning to effectively pray” thereby growing in our ability to “hear God’s voice through impressions, prophetic words of knowledge and wisdom, dreams and visions” – J.P. Moreland.

  • I call this “Sourcing Christ’s Living Water


BTW – It must be emphasized that intent alone to grow as a believer and increase in wisdom will only lead to failure.

  • Because as we try in our own power with only our good intentions, we will wonder why we are making very little progress and will become disillusioned, disconnected and plagued by doubt.
  • However, the four points above provide us with the means, in Christ, to flourish in our Christian walk!


Clearly, then, God’s Wisdom Guidance does not come by osmosis.

  • Sure, simply being born again provides us with insights far superior to the world.
  • But, God’s wisdom is “deep and wide” and we are called to jump in and dive deep.
  • And because we are called on to use God’s Wisdom Guidance, we are morally obligated to seek it through the ways just outlined.
  • Not to do so is to reject God’s Moral Guidance.


So how do we use God’s Wisdom Guidance when we have “freedom and responsibility to choose”?

  • Paul gives us excellent advice on this in 1 Corinthians.
  • 1 Corinthians 10:23 (ESV) — 23 “All things are lawful,” but not all things are helpful. “All things are lawful,” but not all things build up.


Friesen, in his exegesis of this verse, tells us that, “In the area of freedom, the believer’s goal is to make wise decisions on the basis of spiritual usefulness”.

  • So in the freedom we have to decide, we are to find the choices that “build up” and that are “helpful” in our Christian lives.


To really get at the meaning of Paul’s words, it will help to define the words Paul uses for “helpful” and “build up”.

  • HELPFUL – to be advantageous, help, confer a benefit, be profitable/useful – BDAG.
  • BUILD UP – to help improve ability to function in living responsibly and effectively, strengthen, build up, make more able – BDAG.


So if we insert these meanings into Paul’s verse, I think the way we are to use God’s Wisdom Guidance in the freedom we have to decide becomes crystal clear.

  • 1 Corinthians 10:23 (ESV) — 23 “All things are lawful,” but not all things are [advantageous, useful or confer a benefit]. “All things are lawful,” but not all things [improve ability to function in living responsibly and effectively or make more able].
  • So a decision made using God’s Wisdom Guidance is one that chooses the option that is the most advantageous, useful or confers the highest benefit to our Christian walk.
  • And it is the one that improves one’s ability to live responsibly and make one more able to be a Christ-centered Christian.


Biblical Examples of using God’s Wisdom Guidance:

1 Thessalonians 3:1–2 (NIV) — 1 So when we could stand it no longer, we thought it best [choose as better] to be left by ourselves in Athens. 2 We sent Timothy, who is our brother and co-worker in God’s service in spreading the gospel of Christ, to strengthen and encourage you in your faith,

Philippians 2:25–26 (NIV) — 25 But I think it is necessary to send back to you Epaphroditus, my brother, co-worker and fellow soldier, who is also your messenger, whom you sent to take care of my needs. 26 For he longs for all of you and is distressed because you heard he was ill.

1 Corinthians 16:3–4 (ESV) — 3 And when I arrive, I will send those whom you accredit by letter to carry your gift to Jerusalem. 4 If it seems advisable that I should go also, they will accompany me.

2 Samuel 18:1–3 (ESV) — 1 Then David mustered the men who were with him and set over them commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds. 2 And David sent out the army, one third under the command of Joab, one third under the command of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab’s brother, and one third under the command of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said to the men, “I myself will also go out with you.” 3 But the men said, “You shall not go out. For if we flee, they will not care about us. If half of us die, they will not care about us. But you are worth ten thousand of us. Therefore it is better that you send us help from the city.” 4 The king said to them, “Whatever seems best to you I will do.” So the king stood at the side of the gate, while all the army marched out by hundreds and by thousands.





As we have said, God’s Sovereign Will is:

  • Certain—it will be fulfilled
  • Detailed—includes all things
  • Hidden—except when revealed by prophecy
  • Supreme—without violating human responsibility or making God the author of sin
  • Perfect—working all things together for God’s glory and our good


It would take an entire month to discuss the Scriptural foundations that outline the nature of God’s Sovereign Will.

  • So instead, I want to briefly discuss what its implications are for our decision making when we do have freedom to decide – the center of the graphic discussed earlier.
  • Even though it is hidden from us, it still, nevertheless, provides us with Sovereign Guidance.
    • Romans 11:33–34 (ESV) — 33 Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! 34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?”


Examples of God’s Sovereign Guidance:

Philippians 2:12–13 (ESV) — 12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, 13 for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

Psalm 37:4 (ESV) — 4 Delight yourself in the Lord, and he will give you the desires of your heart.

Romans 8:28 (ESV) — 28 And we know that for those who love God all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose.

Job 23:10 (ESV) — 10 But he knows the way that I take; when he has tried me, I shall come out as gold.


Implications of God’s Sovereign Guidance:

The 4 principals of decision making are how God provides for us a “framework that enables us to avoid making the wrong choice but provides a range of ‘right’ choices” – Friesen.

  • And within this protective framework God “has created room for creativity and development.”
  • Yet, because of God’s Sovereign Will and its Guidance, we have no need to angst over every decision we have within the center circle of our graphic.
  • And though we are morally obligated to make wise decisions (as outlined).
  • We also know that we can’t thwart God’s Sovereign Will with our decision making.
  • This means that the pressure of trying to control final outcomes is off of us.
  • As a result, the decision making process is no longer about us.
  • It is about God’s Sovereignty over the decision we have made in Wisdom, as informed by our trust in Him and the Guidance(s) He has provided.


Proverbs 2:1–6 (ESV) — 1 My son, if you receive my words and treasure up my commandments with you, 2 making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to understanding; 3 yes, if you call out for insight and raise your voice for understanding, 4 if you seek it like silver and search for it as for hidden treasures, 5 then you will understand the fear of the Lord and find the knowledge of God. 6 For the Lord gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.